An ulcer is an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane of the body. There are different types of ulcer, but the most common types are peptic ulcer and mouth ulcer. Here are some of the causes of these types of ulcers:
1. Peptic Ulcer:
Peptic ulcers occur when the protective lining of the stomach or duodenum is damaged. The most common cause of peptic ulcers is an infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Other causes include long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen, stress, and smoking.
2. Mouth Ulcer:
Mouth ulcers can also be caused by a variety of factors, including:
– Injuries or trauma to the mouth from dental work, braces, or accidental bites.
– Viral or bacterial infections, such as herpes simplex or thrush.
– Poor dental hygiene.
– Nutritional deficiencies, particularly of vitamin B12, iron, and folate.
– Allergic reactions to dental products, such as toothpaste.
– Hormonal changes, particularly in women during menstruation or menopause.
It’s essential to consult a healthcare professional if you have an ulcer to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.